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Itercontinental Development Corporation of Haiti, S.A. (IDC) was created and registered in Haiti since 1989. It has maintained its registration status over the past twenty-nine years despite the volatile political nature, collapse of businesses and the instability in Haiti. It has been committed to establish constitutional rule of law by doing civic education for the Haitian population that rank from political elected officials to communities at the national and international levels. This has provided a solid foundation that elevated the standard of discussions among Haitians and non-Haitians alike, concerned citizens, officials and community members. IDC Analyses possible political solutions for Haiti to resolve structural problems and formula to come out of its perpetual crises constitute the forces that drive IDC, Federation of Leaders in Haiti (FLH) and CIRH-RDH’s mission.

The primary goal of IDC is to help Haiti and the African-Union Governments in the implementation of the Universal Federal-Democracy system of governance. It is in that context (IDC/FLH/RDH) intends to launch the Workfare Program (WP) to achieve the Development of the New Federal Republic of Haiti. As a result, Haiti will build her national institutions, modernize and construct new government buildings, hospitals, affordable housing, schools equipped with libraries, laboratories, cafeteria and gymnasium, elevate the education standard and eliminate the severe shortage of electric power. This will enhance the lives and well-being of all Haitians and specially those who are among the less fortunate. This will create jobs for thousands of youths and generate a better economic growth for Haiti. By far, the Workfare Program will increase Haiti’s stability and promote higher standards of governance.

It should come as no surprise that two hundred years after the formation of the First African-American Republic, the children of the great Haitian-Nationalists would promote an advanced form of governance known as Universal Federal-Democracy. It is a system that is tailored to allow people to retain their local culture and customs as they adhere to laws guided by their nation’s constitution.

Under Universal Federal-democracy it is required that power be shared between the central and local government. The head of state might be an emir, emperor, monarch, chancellor, president, premier, or general secretary – whether popularly elected or inherited at birth. However, the head of government must be elected directly by the people or by the people’s elected representatives. And, the localities must be autonomous through effective Federalization of power whereby officials are elected directly by the people, from state governors through to the municipal mayors. The templates for Universal Federal-democracy can be found in the Constitutions of Switzerland in 1291, USA 1776, Haiti 1801, Taiwan 1947, India 1950 and Ecuatorial Guinea 2012.

The 2010 earthquake has damaged three (3) heavily populated counties of the Western and Southeastern Regions: Port-au-Prince, Léogâne and Jacmel. The Intercontinental Development Corporation of Haiti, S.A. (IDC/FLH/RDH) has formulated the following Federal Emergency Goal designed to support financially the relocation, job creation and training for more than seven hundred thousand (700,000) affected persons and seven hundred thousand (700,000) hosting family members or friends from the thirty-nine (39) other counties. This (IDC/FLH/RDH) initiative will be called, the Federal Relocation & Workfare Program (FRWP). It will also serve as the start-up program to recruit at the Federal level for the new Haitian National Guard services. This Goal is also designed to help establish the basic infrastructure needed for local government to function. Construction will begin by building thirty-nine (39) fifty-thousand (50,000) square-feet building in each of the counties and one (1) federal mall of one-hundred-thousand (100,000) square-feet in each capital of each of the ten (10) regions.

For more than 60 years, the center of Haiti’s severe challenges has been a lack of governance at the local level. Haiti has ten (10) states or regions (presently known as départements), 42 counties (known as arrondissements), 120 electoral districts, 150 municipalities and 600 municipal districts. For the first time since the Haitian Constitution was adopted 30 years ago, Article 80 will be implemented. Under Article 80, each city of a region will send 1 representative to form the Unicameral Regional Assembly. This regional assembly will have the responsibility for organizing the rest of the local entities that will administer the region and, more importantly, choose the 60 members of the 11 Local and Federal Electoral Councils, the Federal Appellate and County Courts, the Provincial Courts and the Regional Supreme.

The creation of the ten (10) regional assemblies must become the highest priority in the construction and reconstruction of Haiti. Other than the central government, everything concerning the governance of the regions, provinces, counties, municipalities, and municipal districts depend upon the regional assemblies. With the creation of regional assemblies, not only will the Regional and Federal Governments be established, but the spending of international taxpayer dollars on judicial reforms and national and local security in Haiti will be replaced by Haitian resources and personnel at a significantly reduced cost and burden to international taxpayers!

IDC and its national partners want to thank William Jefferson and Hillary Clinton, the citizens of all nations of the International Community, their government along with the news media for their humanitarian, financial, medical and military assistance as well as their moral and spiritual support. It has finally become relevant to the entire world after the January 12, 2010 earthquake, what (IDC/FLH/RDH) has been promoting which is to establish the constitutionally required institutions of Haiti: National Guard with medical; agricultural; environmental; sanitation; engineer corps; mechanical, electrical and technical services; the Civilian Corps of First Responders, fire, paramedics and rescue.

For these reasons, IDC would like to take this opportunity to request all of your assistance in promoting the establishment of the constitutionally required Haitian National Guard – a service for all male and female from eighteen (18) to seventy-eight (78) years old.


At the dawn of this new millennium, we must have the courage to take a very close look at where Haiti as a democratic nation stands today, so that we can prepare a tomorrow that will surpass the legacy of yesterday. We must not dwell on a past caused by partisanship, nor can we afford to overlook the events that have occurred. On balance, it would behoove us all to develop a sense of unity, while maintaining our faith in God.

We of the Intercontinental Development Corporation of Haiti, S.A. feel deep within our hearts that everyone will agree that Haiti as a nation, and all Haitians, without prejudice or discrimination, are entitled to a brighter day. This responsibility rests with every Haitian Patriot. So, we ask everyone now to disregard all differences that occurred in the past, and all personal agenda, to help bring a much brighter day to the People of Haiti.

Therefore, we must place the Nation before our own personal interests, by restoring the authority of the Haitian state to uphold the rule of law not only for the sake of the present, but for the memory of Haiti's past accomplishments, and the inheritance for our posterity. In order to accomplish this, Haiti must upgrade each of her national institutions, modernize and construct new government buildings, elevate standards of education, create medical institutions with up-to-date equipment, eliminate the severe shortage of electric power, in order to enhance the lives and well-being of those Haitians who are among the less fortunate.

Over the past few years, the Intercontinental Development Corporation of Haiti, S.A. (IDC/FLH/RDH) has worked diligently with the Legislative Branch of the Haitian government on the (IDC/FLH/RDH)’s Federal Workfare Program for Haiti. The full scale of this program entails an infrastructure program, an economic growth program and a job creation package for all 10 capitals as a prototype for the rest of the New Haitian Federal Republic and other less developed nations.

In 1998, many of Haiti's Senators and 49 members of its Chamber of Deputies endorsed the ADH-IDC's Federal Workfare Program to advance the educational, social, and economic opportunities for Haitians in Haiti, and abroad. The (IDC/FLH/RDH)’s Federal Workfare Program for Haiti is divided into four distinct categories: Socioeconomic Infrastructure; National Security Infrastructure; Central Administration Infrastructure; Local Administration Infrastructure.


Billions of dollars and many thousands of man-hours of some of the best minds have been expended on the problems in Haiti. Thirteen years later, it is yet to be determined why Haiti cannot put an election together, or even why 9,800 elected officials are required for a country as economically underdeveloped as Haiti. Laws still on the books that were enacted as far back as 1978 to support a then crumbling dictatorship made it impossible for the 44 th, 45 th, 46 th , 47th, 48th, 49th, 50th and 51st. Parliaments to avoid gridlock, or even to complete their constitutionally stipulated terms. The Present and Future Haitian Representatives and Senators will have the same problems, until the conflict between these outdated laws and Haiti's revised constitution is resolved.

It cannot be disputed that Haiti currently has an electoral problem. But, it is also evident that had it not been for a lack of civics education and respect for the constitution, Haiti would have already made much greater progress toward representative Federal-democracy, including freedom of speech and assembly, and would have held a number of democratic elections by now. Development of Haiti's fledgling Federal-democracy now requires an agreement among all parties involved to establish new parameters to eliminate any conflict between the way elections are conducted in Haiti and its constitution.

In order to get Haiti back on the track of expanding into Federal-democracy, the (IDC/FLH/RDH) strongly recommends that Haiti's electoral laws be revised to reflect the requirements of Haiti's constitution, so that justice can be done for the people of Haiti and for those whose dollars are financing these perpetual interventions and elections.

Today it has become necessary for the political leaders of the Republic of Haiti to participate in the internal political processes necessary to establish a representative Federal-democracy in Haiti, as stipulated in the Constitution of 1987. Specifically, Federal-democracy in Haiti must be expanded to include representation in the executive and legislative branches at the Federal and municipal levels.

In order to move forward, it is imperative that Haitian nationals and the international community learn from their mistakes, so that they will not keep recurring in the future. Therefore, it is useful to briefly review the past two phases of international intervention in Haiti; and then proceed to a discussion of the third phase of expanding Federal-democracy in Haiti. Brief History of Phases I and II of International Intervention in Haiti

Phase I: Operation Restore democracy

Phase I, Operation Restore democracy, was implemented on September 19, 1994 with the return from exile of Haiti's elected President. Before this could be accomplished, it was necessary to wrest Haiti from the military institution that had been in control since 1991, and to restore a minimum level of civil order. Without this restoration of civil order, the Elected President would not have been able to govern.

In the beginning, Phase I was primarily a U.S. initiative. But, as planned, it was eventually transitioned into an UN-sponsored effort. Thus, Operation Restore democracy, as a first phase, was basically successful in its design and implementation.

Phase II: Operation Uphold democracy

Phase II, Operation Uphold democracy, has been a more complicated undertaking. Beyond restoring order and the elected civilian head of state to his office, this second phase was responsible for establishing elections throughout Haiti at the national, state, and local government levels, in accordance with the Haitian Constitution of 1987.

Operation Uphold democracy was also supposed to provide the financial and logistical support to prepare Haiti to take its rightful place in the community of democratic nations, in advance of Haiti's bicentennial in 2004. Phase II has accomplished most of its goals, including the holding of parliamentary and presidential elections in 1995. But, there have been some disappointments, primarily due to the removal, instead of modernization of the National Security Forces, and the excessive number of territorial subdivisions created by statutes enacted prior to the Constitution of 1987. This excessive number of administrative entities all but guaranteed conflicts due to overlapping jurisdictions and responsibilities. Furthermore, electing and maintaining in office so many officials creates an astronomical financial burden on a nation that is among the poorest in the Western Hemisphere.

Phase III: Operation Expand Democracy

Phase III, Operation Expand Democracy, is to be conducted by Haiti's own government and its people, with the will and consent of the Haitian electorate, and with the assistance and cooperation of the international community. Phase III has been designed to address the problems unresolved during Phase II by providing for the integration of all political and civic organizations into the democratic process. This must include non-governmental organizations, such as trade unions, popular organizations, and women's groups. And, Operation Expand Democracy will implement an aggressive campaign of civics education.

Phase III, Operation Expand Democracy, is designed as a multi-part program for taking Haiti out of its present political impasse. Once implemented, Phase III would put closure on Phases I and II.

It must be noted that before Phases I and II can be deemed an unquestioned successes, the following 3 things must take place: 1. The Legislative Branch must be established, along Constitutional lines, so that it can formulate laws that would enhance the lives of each and every Haitian. However, before this can become a reality, the legislators themselves would have to have the basic necessities of governmental administration. 2. The Judicial Branch must not continue to operate under the auspices of the Ministry of Justice (which is part of the Executive branch), because this interferes with the separation of powers that is an essential part of Haiti's constitutional system; 3. The Haitian Constitution requires that localities have their own financial and administrative autonomy. Currently, all of the revenues from local governmental entities are first gathered in Port-au-Prince and then re-allocated back to the localities in a process that is time-consuming, costly, and not entirely reliable.

Operation Expand Federal-democracy will eradicate the business-as-usual status quo of prematurely abolishing constitutionally stipulated institutions. All Haitian nationals, and friends of Haiti who have invested their time and resources, will agree that the time has come for Haiti to assume its rightful place among the democratic nations of the world!


The Intercontinental Development Corporation of Haiti, SA (IDC) and its partners want to thank the citizens of all nations of the International Community, their government along with the news media for their humanitarian, financial, medical and military assistance as well as their moral and spiritual support. It has finally become relevant to the entire world after the January 12, 2010 earthquake, what IDC has been promoting which is to establish the constitutionally required institutions of Haiti. For this reason, IDC would like to take this opportunity to request your assistance in promoting the immediate establishment of the constitutionally required Regional Assemblies and Councils.

For more than 60 years, the center of Haiti’s severe challenges has been a lack of governance at the local level. Haiti has ten (10) states or regions (presently known as départements), 42 counties (known as arrondissements), 99 municipal collectivities, 140 municipalities and 600 municipal districts, with an estimated population of 14,500,000 people (2020). For the first time since the Haitian Constitution was adopted 33 years ago, Article 80 will be implemented. Under Article 80, each municipality of the region will send one representative to form the unicameral Regional Assembly. This Regional Assembly will have the responsibility for organizing the rest of the local entities that will administer the region and, more importantly, choose the members of the Permanent Electoral Council (CEP), the Appellate Courts and the County Courts.

The initial amount needed to create the institutions for the ten (10) Regional Governments is $649,000,000 (six hundred forty-nine million) dollars. This must become the highest priority in the construction and reconstruction of Haiti. Other than the central government, everything concerning the governance of the regions, provinces, counties, municipalities, and municipal districts depends upon the Regional Assemblies. IDC will be using the elected and appointed government officials who already are on government payroll, with access to transportation, gasoline and other logistics. The funds will cover expenses to set up the federal and local governing body. IDC will organize the legally and constitutionally required meetings that will lead to the formation of the Regional Assemblies. The following represents the projected cost to establish these much needed institutions in accordance with Articles, 64, 73, 75, 83, 86, 87-2, 217, 218, 234-1 and 266 of Haiti’s current constitution:


The initial capital for the Projects is $5,000,000. The amount needed for the Emergency-Plan to create the institutions for the ten (10) Regional Governments is $649,200,000. This must become the highest priority in the construction and reconstruction of Haiti:


However, through its intense studies, IDC has come across a number of problematic aspects of Haiti’s democracy, which it believes should be addressed and resolved. But, before discussing these problematic aspects of Haiti's democracy, the following is a summary of Haiti's history, to provide a clearer understanding of Haiti's transformation from a colony to the first African-American Nation; and, to help establish through civics and morals instructions, the parameters for Haiti's governance that will promote economic growth and lead Haiti down the path of peace, starting with the new federal democracy.

B1. Haiti’s Historical Legacy: The First African-American Nation

B1.1. The first part of this summary of Haiti's history extends from Haiti's first contact with Africans and Europeans in 1492 until the abolition of slavery in Haiti in 1793.

B1.2. The second part discusses the rise in Haiti of the first African American general and governor.

Toussaint Louverture, and his role in the contractual agreement with the US and Great Britain that led to the demise of Napoleon in North America; and the participation with Simon Bolivar in the liberation of South America from colonial rule.

B1.3. The third part addresses Thomas Jefferson's breach of John Adams' contract with Haiti.

Part I. From Discovery of Haiti to the End of Slavery

In 1492, when Columbus landed on the Môle St. Nicholas, in the northwestern part of the island of Hispaniola, neither he nor the Native Americans he encountered at the time had any idea of the events that would eventually take place on this island, and neighboring shores. After the battle of Santo Cerro in 1495, which ended the resistance of the Native Americans on the island, the Spanish introduced sugar cane brought from the Canary Islands. By 1508, the first slaves, mainly from West Africa, were brought to this island, then known as Hispaniola.

In 1629, the first French settlers arrived in Hispaniola, and by 1659 had gained control of the western part of the island from the Spanish. In 1679, the French King Louis XIV authorized the slave trade in Hispaniola. In 1697, the Spanish officially recognized the French control of the western part of Hispaniola; and around 1705, massive sugar cane cultivation was undertaken in this French colony, by then known as Haiti. In 1749, the French founded a new capital of Haiti, Port-au-Prince. During the 1760's, a new product of great economic importance was added: coffee.

The colony of Haiti became so powerful that by the 1770's the French were able to send troops from there to help the U.S. in its war for independence from Britain. In 1788, the first documented case of abuse was brought by black slaves against white plantation owners. In order to avoid arousing the ire of white owners, the case was soon dismissed. By 1791, a full scale slave revolt was underway in Haiti. On April 4, 1792, the French Assembly in Paris issued a decree conferring French citizenship on all free Negroes. And, by 1793, all slaves in Haiti were granted their freedom by the French Assembly in Paris.

Part II. The Rise of the First African-American General and Governor

From that point on, a military chess game began, led by a man who would become the first African-American General in the French Army, Toussaint Louverture, making deals with the British in his battle with the French, and with the French in his battle with the Spanish. In 1795, the Spanish ceded control of the whole island to the French. In 1796, Toussaint Louverture was named by the French as commander of all French military forces for the whole island. This new command did not sit well with many lawmakers in Paris, resulting in delegation after delegation travelling to Haiti attempting to curb the growing power of General Louverture and his forces. But, they all sailed back to Paris without accomplishing this goal.

In 1799, this first African-American general signed a three-party treaty with the U.S. and Britain for goods, equipment, and transportation to fight, in the US's stead, against the forces of Napoleon, and a two-party treaty containing secret provisions with the British, which is believed to have been an agreement to support a blockade of Napoleon's navy from entering Haiti's waters. On January 26, 1801, Louverture abolished slavery throughout the whole of Hispaniola (now Haiti and the Dominican Republic with Port-au-Prince replaced by Port-Republican).

By July 1 of that same year, Louverture had become the Governor General with a new constitution for French statehood. With the British blockade not yet in place, these hopes and dreams did not last long. By 1802, Napoleon's brother-in-law, General C.E. Leclerc, backed by a powerful armada, arrived in Haiti to reestablish slavery. Though Leclerc's campaign was short-lived, he accomplished what people had thought would be impossible: arresting Governor Louverture and sending him back to Napoleon in France.

Napoleon's goal in capturing the mastermind of the rebellion was to limit resistance in Haiti. But, he failed, because of Toussaint Louverture's famous words spoken before leaving Haiti: "By removing me, you have only cut the trunk of the tree of black liberty in Hispaniola. It will grow again from its roots, because they run deep and are great in number."

Toussaint Louverture had been betrayed, but shortly after his departure from Haiti, yellow fever struck the island, affecting mainly the French, and a few months later General Leclerc died. In 1803, Louverture, the First African-American Governor, died in captivity in France.

Louverture's last words in Hispaniola inspired other Haitian Leaders to continue battling for their liberty, under the leadership of three men: J-J Dessalines, H Christophe, and A Petion. By May 18, 1803, the Haitian flag was created. On November 18 of that same year, with the British blockade against Napoleon's navy complete, the decisive Battle of Vertières with the French was won. On November 19, the French General Rochambeau formally surrendered; and on November 29, the French withdrawal from Haiti was complete, making Haiti the first independent territory for people of African descent in the Americas. The loss of life caused by this war for independence was so profound that it took more than a month for people to grieve and rejoice, while preparing for the celebration of their newfound freedom in this first African-American sovereign nation on January1, 1804.

The three-party treaty that General Toussaint Louverture signed in 1799 with the United States and Great Britain had a profound impact. Because of the loss of soldiers, vessels, and equipment in Haiti, Napoleon lost interest in building an empire in the New World. The end result is that in 1803 Napoleon sold about 900,000 square miles of land for about 3 cents per acre to U.S. President Thomas Jefferson, while saying, "Damn the sugar; damn the coffee; damn the colony!"

Subsequently, Great Britain took control of the northernmost French portion of the American continent, to form the country that is known today as Canada. Therefore, the parties to this three-party treaty all became winners.

After the independence of Haiti, courageous leaders such as Simon Bolivar made it a point to come to Haiti several times while he was masterminding liberation throughout out the southern part of America. With the success of the Haitian revolt, Haiti became the first African-American Nation. The United States of America more than doubled the size of its territory, Canada was enlarged, and South America was liberated—which had a revolutionary impact all the way to Africa and Asia.

Part III. Thomas Jefferson's Breach of Haiti's Contract with the United States of America

Unfortunately, three (3) years before Haiti was freed from colonial rule, the U.S. President who had signed the 1799 treaty with Haiti, John Adams, lost a bitterly contested election in 1800. His successor, Thomas Jefferson, observed the clauses of the treaty because of the possibility of gaining the Mississippi River and the Louisiana Territory. And yet, he did not, or perhaps could not, accept Haiti as an independent nation of freed slaves... The embargo imposed by the U.S. on Haiti in 1804 lasted until 1864, when the first Republican U.S. President, Abraham Lincoln, decided that this embargo on an old friend and ally had lasted long enough. The possible loss of revenue to Haiti was about $75,000,000 per annum, totaling over $4.5 billion for the 60 years starting from Haiti's independence to the end of this U.S.-imposed embargo. Today, many of the sons and daughters of Haiti are attempting to surpass their ancestors' historic legacy through a Federal Workfare Program, integrating Education, Economic Development, and Electronics, with Haiti as the prototype for a New Cyber-Voting Machine and Software for Local and Federal Elections.

However, first Haiti must address and resolve the problematic aspects of its democracy, mentioned above, stemming from statutory deficiencies and a lack of respect for the application of constitutional rules by Haitian Political Leaders:


Health Hospital and Emergency Center Haiti lacks even the most basic medical necessities. Even in Port-au-Prince, methods are antiquated and there are severe shortages of required pharmaceuticals. Hospitals lack beds and are ill-equipped to handle urgent care to operations. Basics such as cotton swab to needles are unavailable and patients have to purchase them if provided. The majority of doctors in Haiti are unable to use their skills because of a lack of supplies and electricity. For example, any surgery can be interrupted by a power shortage or even a complete blackout. Inverters and generators are often used for back-up. To meet these ongoing medical problems, (IDC/FLH/RDH) proposes that ten hospitals be constructed and each to be a medical school-affiliated teaching hospital. They would be located in each of the ten states: Northern, Northeastern, Northwestern, Artibonite, Central, Western, Southeastern, Southern, Grand-Anse and Nippes. The preliminary cost for each facility is estimated to be twenty million dollars, $20,000,000. The hospitals would be not-for-profit, but financially self-sufficient. Any excess of revenues over costs would be expended on medical research and education.


Primary and secondary education is widely available in Haiti. The problem is a lack of universities, which are necessary to train future business and government leaders. Also lacking are trade and professional schools, which are required if Haiti is ever to provide all of its population with meaningful opportunities for economic advancement. Post-secondary educational facilities in Haiti must also provide adult education programs, which would include the teaching of basic literacy skills. To meet these educational needs (IDC/FLH/RDH) proposes that ten universities be established. There would be one university built in each of the ten states.


Haiti needs to produce an additional 1.2 GW of power generating capacity to meet its minimum needs for power consumption. Its power transmission lines and distribution substations are inadequate to the task of providing a reliable source of power to end users. Even Port-au-Prince experiences frequent power brownouts and blackouts, mainly during business hours when they are maximally disruptive to the functioning of normal commercial life. (IDC/FLH/RDH) aims to do a complete feasibility study on providing Haiti with electric power and interconnected transmission lines at the state level as follows:


Because of the lack of an adequate road system, all of these projects will be built along or near Haiti's coast and frontier with the Dominican Republic. Therefore, the current means of land transportation and/or water-taxis will be sufficient to meet Haiti's immediate transportation needs. Through the Federal Workfare Program, (IDC/FLH/RDH) proposes to build a network of provincial, state, and interstate expressways, totaling more than 3,000 miles. Construction of Primary Roads and Repair and new Feasibility study: $900,000,000


Haiti needs to build plants capable of treating sewage so that the water table will not be contaminated. Consistent with the (IDC/FLH/RDH) program of decentralization, water and sewerage systems will become the responsibility of the county governments. Reservoirs will be built to collect potable water. Sewerage treatment plants will be constructed to prevent pollution of the environment, particularly the water supply. Feasibility Study and Storages: $100,000,000


To foster the sense of national cohesion essential to any functioning democracy, it will be necessary to both broadcast on television and radio, and publish in print a monthly government journal to report on all unclassified matters of public importance. This will require upgrading the power output of existing television and radio transmitters in each of the ten states. At present, the central government has control of Haiti's communications sector. Like other central governments elsewhere, it has mismanaged its monopoly. (IDC/FLH/RDH) proposes decentralization of the communications sector by placing it in the hands of the individual states in partnership with the private sector, which are closer to their respective constituencies and markets, and therefore, in a better position to address the information needs of local communities. Pay-per-month Services (Feasibility Study and Fiber Optics $150,000,000)


The Haitian people need both single family and multifamily dwellings that are affordable. Customarily, housing in Haiti is constructed of cinder blocks, without adherence to uniform construction and zoning codes. (IDC/FLH/RDH) proposes to incorporate the use of steel framing with the existing cinder block method in the construction of one and two-story houses. This combination of the old and the new will provide employment for local construction workers, who are already familiar with the cinder block method.


One of the most important levels of local governance is the province. The province has responsibility for coordinating all municipal and district operations. So it replicates institutions found at both the municipal and district levels, such as police, fire and paramedics. The province also has the responsibility for providing the land for both national and state Agency buildings. The province, unlike any other level of government, will be responsible for water, sewage, electricity, and other public utilities of Haiti. (IDC/FLH/RDH)’s National Program contemplates the existence of 30 provinces in Haiti, instead of the current 42 counties.


The constitutional responsibility of State government is greater in Haiti than in most of the other nations of the world, besides its autonomous character, its impact on the national government can affect the whole nation. For example, other than the Supreme Court, Haiti's entire judicial system and members of the electoral council derived from State and local assemblies. In addition, all members of the interstate council have the power and the right to vote within the Council of Ministers of the national government. Therefore, adequate facilities must be made available for these officials to carry out their governmental responsibilities.


Over the past two decades, international institutions have invested billions of dollars in less developed nations. Yet, the majority of these investments have not had the positive impact anticipated from the time the investments were made. In the United States and Canada, the question at all levels of administration of these lender/donor countries is: why aren't the lives of the people of less developed nations more improved? And, at times they even ask: what was accomplished with the money invested in the less developed countries? These are difficult questions to answer, since conditions in these countries have largely remained unchanged.

The Federal Workfare Program, however, offers endless possibilities which deal directly with the private sector in collaboration with the government. With this process, the dilemmas encountered previously by both central governments and lending institutions can be greatly reduced. One of the most significant aspects of the Federal Workfare Program is that it requires that all of the money be allocated to infrastructure projects that are mandated by the Constitution, and related Statutes, rather than political influences. This would bring about the integration of the most remote and neglected areas.

Creation of jobs nationally is at the core of the Federal Workfare Program of Haiti. These projects will be supported by a transfer of technology, by international technicians, mainly, but not limited to people who are now retired, primarily from the United States, Canada and Taiwan to the technicians of the new Federal Republic of Haiti. The ingenuity of the program is that it integrates people, in a teaching or supervisory capacity, which would normally be retired, in spite of their knowledge, experience, and physical ability to continue earning the income they greatly need to secure a decent eventual retirement.

In response to these questions, (IDC/FLH/RDH)’s FWP has incorporated vocational and technical institutions that deal with the transfer of technology from the U.S. and Canada and all other contributing nations to Haiti. Allocation of funds for pre-employment training, including on-the-job training programs, is the first stage of this program. Secondly, international technician/teachers, technology, and equipment are fully integrated within this program. By doing so, the newly created national technicians/teachers will learn to build, operate, and later teach, according to codes and regulations that have been proven in North America and other developed nations. The local technicians will inherit the technological means to maintain both the equipment and the national infrastructure after the international technicians/teachers have departed.

The accomplishments of (IDC/FLH/RDH)’s FWP will propel Haiti toward stability and will serve as the prototype of the Universal Federal-democracy for all developing nations. As such, the Cybernetic Governance and Secured Financing Program woven in the FWP will promote good ethical practices strongly supported by the constitutional amendments and reinforced by laws and states’ statutes adopted for all institutions to function well. The pre-employment and staff trainings, career opportunities and accreditation of all entities will elevate the education standards and improve the system to better sustain the growth and economic stability gained at all levels. And, above all, Haiti will regain its status among all great nations.


There are some who believe that Haiti should first undertake projects that would generate immediate income, for example resort/leisure facilities. But, until the construction of the physical infrastructure necessary for government is completed, there is no economic rationale for constructing resort/leisure facilities, because tourists will not want to visit a country without an adequately functioning governmental system which will ensure security and healthy measures are enforced. There are certain preconditions to any country's ongoing political and economic existence, let alone a fragile democracy. Among these is the building of facilities necessary to conduct the minimum functions of government: public health, education, power generation, communication, housing, water, roads, governmental administration and national security. Without these, wrenching social disorders become not merely likely, but inevitable. With equal inevitability, the United States would be required to perpetually prevent this disorder from spilling over onto her shores.

Such infrastructure as now exists is also confined mainly to national capital. The (IDC/FLH/RDH)'s Federal Workfare Program will remedy this problem by extending the infrastructure to the remotest regions and provinces. (IDC/FLH/RDH) has developed this infrastructure development program for the purpose of establishing a flourishing and irreversible Federal-democracy in Haiti. The program will entail a true partnership between Haitian and Cuban contractors in the state of Florida, Port-au-Prince and Havana with international contractors, primarily from the rest of the U.S., Canada, Japan and Taiwan. It will create in Haiti alone construction jobs for more than 2,500,000 Haitians over a period of four years. Upon the execution of the (IDC/FLH/RDH)’s proposed program, many of Haiti’s current political and economic problems will be resolved in a relatively short period of time. (IDC/FLH/RDH)’s Federal Workfare Program for Haiti encompasses solutions and provides the following recommendations that could facilitate the process:

A. NATIONAL GOVERNMENT The President, the Vice President and the Prime Minister are elected directly by the people for a 4-year term. There is a bicameral Legislature and a national Judiciary, which are separate from, but equal to, the Executive branch. Ministers selected by the President and ratified by the Parliament. Recommendations:


1. Neither the President nor the Prime Minister should be allowed to end a session of Parliament before its constitutionally prescribed term expires;

2. The President should be allowed to run for a second 4-year term consecutively, rather than being required to remain out of office for 4 years, during which time the out-of-office the President may be tempted to manipulate events for the purpose of being reelected;

3. The Prime Minister must be given the latitude to operate, even if he or she is from a party other than that of the President's;

4. The national Judiciary cannot be permitted to continue to operate under the auspices of the Ministry of Justice, which is currently undermining its constitutional status as a separate branch of a tripartite government. And, the national Judiciary should have its own separate budget outside of the Ministry of Justice.


The Constitution requires that each State has its own administrative and financial autonomy. It also establishes a 3-member Council of Governors and a unicameral legislature in each of the States, ceding to each State legislature the organization of its local governments.


The Constitution requires that the 3 members of the Council of Governors be elected by the State Assembly, whose members, in turn, are elected directly by the people. However, according to the electoral laws under which the last elections were held, the members of the State Assemblies are to be chosen by the members of the Municipal Assemblies, instead of being directly elected by the people as prescribed by the Constitution. (Article 58)


Municipal governments also are to be administratively and financially autonomous within the framework of the present Constitution. They are to be administered by a 3-member Municipal Executive Council, which is headed by a Mayor, who is elected directly by the people. (Article 66) The Municipal Assemblies are also to be directly elected by the people. (Article 58)


Currently, there are no enabling statutes for the functioning of the Municipalities of Haiti. Further, under the current electoral laws (in a manner analogous to the State Assembly members being chosen by the Municipal Assembly members). The Municipal Assembly members themselves are to be selected by the Municipal District members, instead of being directly elected by the people, as prescribed by the Constitution. As with the State Assembly members, the Municipal Assembly members should be popularly elected, as the Constitution prescribes. And, unlike the more than 2,227 Municipal Assembly members required under the current electoral laws, their number should not exceed the number of Municipal Districts, which are currently 570. (Article 67)


The Constitution establishes 3-member Municipal District Executive Councils to administer the Municipal Districts. The Municipal District Executive Council, which is to be assisted by a Municipal District Assembly to be popularly elected every 4 years. These are the only local elections prescribed by the current electoral laws that are in accord with the Constitution.

Recommendation: Unlike, the case of the States and the Municipalities, the process for electing the Municipal District Assembly members under the current electoral laws is constitutional. However, the law of March 28, 1996 that establishes the number of members to the Municipal District Assembly allows as many as 11 members per District, which results in a country already in financial difficulty being asked to elect, and subsequently bear the financial burden of maintaining in office, 7,000 officials when fewer than 3,100, if any, would meet the requirements of the New Federal Constitution.


Since the 1987 adoption of the Constitution, there was enacted in 1994 a law that created and organized the functioning of the National Police Force. This 1994 law created a National Police Force that has great responsibilities but less than 15,000 members. By comparison, New York City that has a population similar to Haiti yet has a local police force of about 40,000 officers. Furthermore, New York City's police force is supplemented by many State and National law enforcement officers working in a number of specialized areas of law enforcement. Whereas, Haiti's much smaller National Police force is responsible for everything from neighborhood patrol to firearms, tobacco, drug enforcement, fire department, as well as air, sea and border patrol.


1. Haiti needs both forces as stipulated in the Constitution of 1987. The Armed Forces is made up of four distinct corps: ground, air, sea and a special technical force. The Police Force which is now nationalized must have separate forces: municipal, county, state police forces and the National or national police force which will handle national matters.

2. The Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces is the President, the head of the Executive Branch as stipulated in the Constitution. However, there exists an ambiguity in the language of the Constitution which precludes that the Commander in Chief does not command the Generals of the Armed Forces in person. Until the Constitution is amended, the Armed Forces must be under the office of the Prime Minister who must also hold the portfolio and title of Minister of Defense. As such, the Armed Forces will be under the Executive Branch.

3. The Mixed and Compulsory Military Service of Haiti must be established as stipulated in the Constitution. This will enable all Haitian youth who reach eighteen years of age to enroll in different educational programs leading to skill-building, vocational and career opportunities. This Service will absorb the thousands of young men and women who graduate high school who remain unemployed and unable to pursue higher education. Above all, this young population represents the future of the country. The Federal Workfare Program will provide the opportunities that these young men and women deserve and are entitled to receive. The program will help restore their constitutional rights and at the same time they will contribute in the building of the infrastructure that the country needs to embark on urgently.

4. The National security infrastructure remains the obstacle that Haiti must confront immediately in order to regain its sovereignty. This service will help establish Haiti’s own security forces to gradually replace the United Nations peace keeping forces that were re-established in Haiti in 2004 within four years of their departure in 2000. Once the ten state governments and courts are in place, the next steps are to establish college and university campuses which will serve as cybernetic military academy centers. These centers will provide vocational, technical and higher education for the young men and women 18 years and older as stipulated in Articles 52-3 and 268 of the Haitian Constitution. (IDC/FLH/RDH) firmly believes, with the collaboration of the national and international partners, these steps will constitute and provide the ultimate solutions to the Haitian crises. It is the beginning of the process of relocation, building and rebuilding of devastated areas by the earthquake.

5. IDC pledges to work closely with the African Union, the OAS, other lawful institutions in the Americas and the Government of Haiti. This will help accomplish the establishment of irreversible democracy in the New Federal Republic of Haiti along with the creation of more than 2.5 million new jobs for Haitians and members of the International Community.

6. The National Relocation & Workfare Program will provide the path toward a stable and durable democratic society, where all Haitians can live together in a climate of justice, security, socioeconomic development and respects for all. The final words pronounced by the architect of the Haitian nation, Toussaint L’Ouverture, can be found in Isaiah chapter sixty-one (61). It was revealed that nations like Haiti shall overcome. .


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